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Technical Results
Recently Published Reports

Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Refrigerant Detector Characteristics for Use in HVACR Equipment-Phase I

J. Zheng and S. Elbel, 2020

AHRTI–9014–01

Experimental Study on the Consequences of Full-scale Ignition Events Involving the A2L Refrigerant R-454C

Davis and Pagliaro, 2019

AHRTI–9013

Benchmarking Risk by Whole Room Scale Leaks and Ignitions Testing of A3 Refrigerants

George Hunter, 2019

AHRTI–9007–02

Hot Surface Ignition of A2L Refrigerants

M. Cundy, 2017

AHRTI–9008

Investigation of Energy Produced by Potential Ignition Sources in Residential Application

D.K. Kim and P.B. Sunderland, 2017

AHRI–8017

Leak Detection of A2L Refrigerants in HVACR Equipment

M. Wagner and R. Ferenchiak, 2017

AHRTI–9009

Benchmarking Risk by Whole Room Scale Leaks and Ignitions Testing of A2L Refrigerants

P. Gandhi, G. Hunter, R. Haseman and B. Rodgers, 2017

AHRTI–9007–01




AHRI Public Sector Program Project Reports



AHRI Reports

AHRI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Technical Feasibility Study Carbon Monoxide Sensing Safety Systems for Appliances

D. Kalensky, and  F. Johnson, 2011

AHRI–8001

The Impact of Duct Design on Life Cycle Costs of Central Residential Heating and Air–conditioning Systems

B. Stephens

AHRI–8002

Thermal Stability and Chemical Compatibility of R–22 Replacement Refrigerants

Cavestri, El–Shazly, and Seeger–Clevenger, 2010

AHRI–8003

Risk Assessment of Residential Heat Pump Systems Using 2L Flammable Refrigerants

T. A. Lewandowski, 2012

AHRI–8004

Risk Assessment of Class 2L Refrigerants in Chiller Systems

B. Goetzler, M. Guernsey, and C. Weber, 2013

AHRI–8005

Low Global Warming Potential (GWP) Refrigerants, Phase II: Defining the Configurations of Residential Air–Conditioning and Heat Pump Systems Using Hydrocarbons, Ammonia, Carbon Dioxide, and HFO–1234yf as Refrigerants and Meeting Previously Defined Safety Requirements

W. Goetzler, D. Westphalen, and J. Burgos

AHRI–8006

Material Compatibility & Lubricants Research for Low–GWP Refrigerants–Phase II: Chemical and Material Compatibility of Low GWP Refrigerants with HVACR Materials of Construction

J. Majurin, E. Sorenson, S.J. Staats, W. Gilles, and S.A. Kujak, 2014

AHRI–8007

Risk Assessment of Refrigeration Systems Using 2L Flammable Refrigerants, 2015

N/A

AHRI–8009

Universal Vent Test Report

P. Glanville

AHRI–8010

Field Evaluation Methods of Combustion Equipment in Residences

N. Hughes and C. Suchovsky, 2017

AHRI–8011

Developing Fan Power Terminal Unit Performance Data and Models Compatible with Energy Plus

Dennis L. O’Neal, Carl Reid, Douglas Ingram, Di Lu, John A. Bryant, Saurabh Gupta, Basel Kanaan, Stephen Bryant, and Peng Yin, 2016

AHRI–8012

A Study of Methods to Represent Compressor Performance Data over an Operating Envelope Based on a Finite Set of Test Data

V. Aute, C. Martin, and R. Radermacher

AHRI–8013

The Effect of Lower Return Air Temperatures on Furnace Heat Exchangers

R. Sandstrom, N. Hughes, CJ Suchovsky and C. Suchovsky, 2017

AHRI–8014

Risk Assessment of Class 2L Refrigerants in Commercial Rooftop Units,

B. Goetzler, M. Guernsey, S. Faltermeier and M. Droesch, 2016

AHRI–8016

Investigation of Energy Produced by Potential Ignition Sources in Residential Application

D.K. Kim and P.B. Sunderland, 2017

AHRI–8017

Review of Refrigerant Management Programs,

Navigant Consulting, Inc., 2016

AHRI–8018


AHRTI Reports

AHRTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Performance Standards for Walk–in Refrigerator and Freezer Systems

B. Becker, B. Fricke, and B. Sartin, 2012

AHRTI–9002–01

Material Compatibility & Lubricants Research for Low GWP Refrigerants – Phase I: Thermal and Chemical Stability of Low GWP Refrigerants with Lubricants

N. D. Rohatgi, R. W. Clark, D. R. Hurst, 2012

AHRTI–9004–01

ASHRAE SPC 177P Fractionation Apparatus Evaluation

A. Kusmierz

AHRTI–9005

Joining Techniques Assessment

D. Clodic, Y. Yu

AHRTI–9006

Benchmarking Risk by Whole Room Scale Leaks and Ignitions Testing of A2L Refrigerants

P. Gandhi, G. Hunter, R. Haseman and B. Rodgers, 2017

AHRTI–9007–01

Benchmarking Risk by Whole Room Scale Leaks and Ignitions Testing of A3 Refrigerants

AHRTI Project Monitoring Subcommittee

AHRTI–9007–02

Hot Surface Ignition of A2L Refrigerants

M. Cundy, 2017

AHRTI–9008

Leak Detection of A2L Refrigerants in HVACR Equipment

M. Wagner and R. Ferenchiak, 2017

AHRTI–9009

Experimental Study on the Consequences of Full-scale Ignition Events Involving the A2L Refrigerant R-454C

Davis and Pagliaro, 2019

AHRTI–9013

Novel Materials for Heat Exchangers, Phase II Report

A. M. Jacobi, K. Nawaz, and J. Bock, 2013

AHRTI–06030–02

Void Fraction Measurement and Modeling for Condensing Refrigerant Flows in Small Diameter Tubes

T. A. Shedd, 2012

AHRTI–20110–01

Life Cycle Climate Performance Model for Residential Heat Pump Systems

M. Zhang, J. Muehlbauer, V. Aute, and R. Radermacher, 2011

AHRTI–9003–01, AHRTI LCCP Calculation Tool, AHRTI LCCP HP 1.0 Installation Instruction, AHRTI LCCP HP 1.0 User Guide


ARTI Reports

ARTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Novel Materials for Heat Exchangers, Phase I Report

Jacobi, Han, Park, Sommers, T’Joen, and Wang, 2008

ARTI–06030–01

Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements and CFD–Based Predictions of Air Distribution at Evaporator Inlet and Outlet

Yashar and Domanski, 2009

ARTI–07010–01

Review of Regulations and Standards for the Use of Refrigerants with GWP Values Less than 20 in HVAC&R Applications

Goetzler, Burgos, Hiraiwa, and Sutherland, 2010

ARTI–09001–01

Electro–Osmosis for Dehumidification

Gerlach, 2008

ARTI–10090–02

Recovery of Throttling Losses by a Two–Phase Ejector in a Vapor Compression Cycle

Liu and Groll, 2008

ARTI–10110–01

Thermoelectric Technology Assessment

Yang, 2007

ARTI–10120–01 — currently in development

Near–Critical/Supercritical Heat Transfer Measurements of R–410A in Small Diameter Tube

Garimella, 2008

ARTI–20120–01

Electrostatic Forces and Water Sprays for Temperature, Humidity, and Indoor Air Quality Control

Hensley and Bryan, 2008

ARTI Report No. 20140–01

Whole House Ventilation System Options – Phase 1 Simulation Study

Lstiburek, Pettit, and Rudd, 2007

ARTI–30090–01


ASHRAE Reports

ASHRAE Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Comparison of Vertical Display Cases: Energy Efficiency and Productivity of Glass Doors vs. Open Display Cases

Fricke and Becker, 199

ASHRAE–1402–RP — currently in development

Energy and Performance of Secondary Coolant Low–temperature Refrigeration Systems (ASHRAE–1484— currently in development)

N/A

ASHRAE–1484


Gas Reports

Gas Report Name

Report Author

Report Name

Gas Interchangeability Testing Report

Gas Consultants, Inc., 2009

Final Report



21CR Program Reports

Electronic copies of 21CR project reports are available upon request from AHRI Vice President of Research.

Strategic Reports

Report

Author Name

Strategic Planning for the HVACR Industry, Report I – Industry Opportunities

J. M. Tooman, Inc., 2001

Strategic Planning for the HVACR Industry, Report II – Research Recommendations

J. M. Tooman, Inc., 2001


Emerging Technologies Project Reports

ARTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

The Efficiency Limits of Water Vapor Compressors Suitable for Air–Conditioning Applications

Wright, Yoshinaka, Le Drew, and D'Orsi, 2000

ARTI–21CR/605–10010–01

Microchannel Heat Exchangers with Carbon Dioxide

Zhao, Ohadi, and Radermacher, 2001

ARTI–21CR/605–10020–01

Evaluation of the Performance Potential of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) as a Refrigerant in Air–to–Air Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps: System Modeling and Analysis

Ortiz, Li and Groll, 2003

ARTI–21CR/610–10030–01

Evaluating the Performance of Thermoacoustic Cooling

Braun, Mongeau, Minner, Alexander, and Paek, 2001

ARTI–21CR/610–10040–01

Fundamental Understanding of Heat and Mass Transfer in Ammonia–Water Absorber

Garimella, 2006

ARTI–21CR/612–10050–01 Interim Report – Phase 1

Fundamental Understanding of Heat and Mass Transfer in Ammonia–Water Absorber — Phase 2

Garimella, 2007

ARTI–21CR/612–10050–02 Final Report — Phase 2

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Compressor–Expander Analysis

Huff and Radermacher, 2003

TI–21CR/611–10060–01

Measurement of Performance of Carbon Dioxide Compressors

Hubacher and Groll, 2002

ARTI–21CR/611–10070–01

Model and Evaluation Tools for Assessing Magnetocaloric Effect for Space Conditioning and Refrigeration Applications

Engelbrecht, Nellis, and Klein, 2005

ARTI–21CR–612–10075–01

Use of Water Vapor as a Refrigerant: Part II; Cycle Modifications and System Impacts on Commercial Feasibility

Lachner Jr., Nellis, and Reindl, 2004

ARTI–21CR/611–10080–01


HVAC&R Energy Efficiency Project Reports

ARTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Evaluating the Ability of Unitary Equipment to Maintain Adequate Space Humidity Levels

Brandemuehl and Katejanekarn, 2001

ARTI–21CR/605–20010–01

Evaluating the Ability of Unitary Equipment to Maintain Adequate Space Humidity Levels — Phase II

Witte and Henninger, 2006

ARTI–21CR/605–20011–01
ARTI–21CR/605–20011–01A Appendices

An Assessment of the State–of–the–Art and Potential Design Improvements, for Flat–tube Heat Exchangers in Air–Conditioning and Refrigeration Applications — Phase I

Jacobi, Park, Tafti, and Zhang, 2001

ARTI–21CR/605–20020–01

Flat–Tube Heat Exchangers in Air–Conditioning and Refrigeration Applications — Phase II

Jacobi, Park, Zhong, Michna, and Xia, 2005

ARTI–21CR/611–20021–01

Application of High–Temperature Mold Materials to Die Cast Copper Motor Rotor for Improved Efficiency

Economical Copper Rotor Production

Peters, Cowie, Brush, Jr., and Midson, 2003

ARTI–21CR/605–20030–01

Motor Test Results, Copper vs. Aluminum

Brush, Jr., Cowie, Peters, and Van Son, 2003

ARTI–21CR/605–20030–02

Refrigerant Evaporation Characteristics Inside Flat Passages

Thome and Quiben, 2005

ARTI–21CR/605–20040–01

Potential Benefits of Smart Refrigerant Distributors

Payne and Domanski, 2003

ARTI–21CR/610–20050–01

High Condensing Temperature Heat Transfer Performance of Low Critical Temperature Refrigerants

High Condensing Temperature Heat Transfer Performance of Low Critical Temperature Refrigerants. (ARTI–21CR/610–20060–01)

ARTI–21CR/610–20060–01

Variable Primary Flow Chilled Water Systems: Potential Benefits and Application Issues

Bahnfleth and Peyer, 2004

ARTI–21CR/611–20070–01

Critical Literature Review on Lubricant Influence in Refrigerant Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

Shen and Groll, 2003

ARTI–21CR/611–20080–01

Comparison of the Total Energy Consumption of Series vs. Parallel Fan Powered VAV Terminal Units

N/A

1292–RP

Phase I Development of Models for Series and Parallel Fan Variable Air Volume Terminal Units

Furr, Jr., O'Neal, Davis, Bryant; and Cramlet, 2007

ARTI–21CR/612–20090–01, Phase 1 Report

Phase 2 Comparison of the Total Energy Consumption of Series versus Parallel Fan Powered VAV Terminal Units

Davis; Bryant, O'Neal, Hervey; and Cramlet, 2007

ARTI–21CR/612–20090–02, Phase 2 Report


System Integration Project Reports

ARTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

State–of–the–Art Review, Whole Building, Building Envelope, HVAC Component and System Simulation and Design Tools

Jacobs and Henderson, 2002

ARTI–21CR/605–30010/30020–01

Energy Savings Potential of Flexible and Adaptive HVAC Distribution Systems for Office Buildings — Phase I

Loftness, Brahme, Mondazzi, Vineyard, and MacDonald, 2002

ARTI–21CR/605–30030–01

Methods for Automated and Continuous Commissioning of Building Systems

Portland Energy Conservation, Inc. and Battelle Northwest Division, 2003

ARTI–21CR/610–30040–01

Automated Integration of Real–Time Information into Building Management Systems

Stunder, Sebastian, Chube, and Koontz, 2003

ARTI–21CR/611–30050–01

System Optimization of Residential Ventilation, Space Conditioning and Thermal Distribution

Proctor and Pira, 2005

ARTI–21CR/611–30060–01


Indoor Environmental Quality Focus Area

ARTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Defining the Effectiveness of UV Lamps Installed in Circulating Air Ductwork

N/A

N/A

ARTI–21CR/610–40030–01

VanOsdell and Foarde

ARTI–21CR/610–40030–01

Investigation of Building Exhaust Air Re–Entrainment Into Outdoor Air Intakes of Packaged Outdoor HVAC Equipment — Phase I

Stickford, Saunders, Hesse, Osborne, and Talbert, 2002

ARTI–21CR/610–40040–01

Investigation of Building Exhaust Air Re–Entrainment Into Outdoor Air Intakes of Packaged Outdoor HVAC Equipment — Phase II

Osborne, Aume, Goshe, Ricci, and Talbert, 2005

ARTI–21CR/612–40041–01

The Role of Filtration in Maintaining Clean Heat Exchanger Coils

Yang, Braun, and Groll, 2004

ARTI–21CR/611–40050–01

Simulating the Performance of Natural and Hybrid Ventilation Systems in U.S. Office Buildings

Emmerich and Crum, 2005

ARTI–21CR/611–40076–01

Portable Mold Detectors — Operating Requirements

Harriman, 2004

N/A

ARTI–21CR/612–40080–01

N/A

ARTI–21CR/612–40080–01

Portable Mold Detectors — Survey of Potential Technologies

Harriman, 2005

N/A

ARTI–21CR/612–40080–02

N/A

ARTI–21CR/612–40080–02

Portable Mold Detectors — Technical Feasibility and Operational Requirements

De Jesús, Balasubramanian, Bayer, Greneker, Harriman, Hendry, Rowland, Showman, Sylvester, and Trostel, 2006

ARTI–21CR/612–40080–03


Working Fluids Project Reports

ARTI Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Investigation of R–410A Air Conditioning System Performance Operating at Extreme Ambient Temperatures up to the Refrigerant Critical Point – ORNL

Rice, 2005

ARTI–21CR/605–50015–01

Determination of Refrigerant Lower Flammability Limits in Compliance with Proposal Addendum 34p to ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 34 (ASHRAE 1073–RP)

Wilson and Richard, 2002

ARTI–21CR/605–50020–01

Assessment of the Commercial Implications of ASHRAE A3 Flammable Refrigerants Used in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems,

Goetzler and Dieckmann, 2001

ARTI–21CR/610–50025–01

Study of the Effects of Water in Synthetic Lubricant Systems and Clathrate Formation

Rohatgi, 2001

ARTI–21CR/610–50035–01

Development of a Reproducible Screening Method to Determine the Mechanism and Effect of Organic Acids and other Contaminants on the Corrosion of Aluminum–finned Copper–tube Heat Exchanger Coils

Corbett and Severance, 2005

ARTI–21CR/611–50055–01

Using Acid Number as a Leading Indicator of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning System Performance

Cartlidge and Schellhase, 2003

ARTI–21CR/611–50060–01

Properties and Cycle Performance of Refrigerant Blends Operating Near and Above the Refrigerant Critical Point

Task 1 — Refrigerant Properties

McLinden, Laesecke, Lemmon, Magee, and Perkins, 2002

ARTI–21CR/605–50010–01–Pt1

Task 2: Air Conditioner System Study

Domanski andPayne, 2002

ARTI–21CR/605–50010–01–Pt2



MCLR Program Reports

All reports have since been consolidated in electronic format on CD–ROM and is available upon request from the AHRI Vice President of Research.

Refrigerant Properties Project Reports

Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Thermophysical Properties

Kayser, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–16

Thermophysical Properties of HFC–143a and HFC–152a

Haynes, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–39

Thermophysical Properties of HCFC Alternatives

Haynes, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–80

Development of the REFPROP Database and Transport Properties of Refrigerants

McLinden, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–97

ARTI Refrigerant Database — Primary and Recently–added Citations

Calm, 1999

DOE/CE/23810–103

ARTI Refrigerant Database — Archival and Historical Citations

Calm, 1999

DOE/CE/23810–104

ARTI Refrigerant Database Data summaries — Volume I: Single–compound Refrigerants

Calm, 1999

DOE/CE/23810–105

ARTI Refrigerant Database Data summaries – Volume II: Blends (Zeotropes and Azeotropes)

Calm, 1999

DOE/CE/23810–106

ARTI Refrigerant Database Data summaries – Volume III: Toxicity and Compatibility

Calm, 1999

DOE/CE/23810–107

Toxicity Data to Determine Refrigerant Concentration Limits

Calm, 2000

DOE/CE/23810–110

Foaming Characteristics of Refrigerant / Lubricants Mixtures

Goswami, Shah, Jotshi, Bhagwat, Leung, Gregory, and Lu, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–88


Chemical Stability Project Reports

Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Chemical and Thermal Stability of Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures with Metals

Huttenlocher 1992

DOE/CE/23810–5

Accelerated Screening Methods for Determining Chemical and Thermal Stability of Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures

Kauffman,1995

DOE/CE/23810–41:
Volume One | Volume Two

Accelerated Screening Methods for Determining Chemical and Thermal Stability of Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures, Part I: Method Assessment

Kauffman, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–10


Material Compatibility Project Reports

DOE Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Compatibility of Refrigerants and Lubricants with Motor Materials

Doerr and Kujak, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–13:
Volume One | Volume Two | Volume Three | Volume Four

Compatibility of Refrigerants and Lubricants with Motor Materials under Retrofit Conditions

Doerr and Waite, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–63:
Volume One | Volume Two | Volume Three | Volume Four

Compatibility of Refrigerant and Lubricants with Elastomers

Hamed, Seiple,and Taikum, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–14

Compatibility of Refrigerant and Lubricants with Engineering Plastics

Cavestri, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–15

Sealed Tube Comparisons of the Compatibility of Desiccants with Refrigerants and Lubricants

Field, 1995

DOE/CE/23810–54

Compatibility of Manufacturing Process Fluids with R–134a and Polyolester Lubricant

Cavestri and Schooley, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–55

Compatibility of Lubricant Additives with HFC Refrigerants and Synthetic Lubricants, Part I

Cavestri, 1997

DOE/CE/23810–76

Documentation of Newly Developed Methods to Assess Material Compatibility in Refrigeration and Air–Conditioning Applications

Hawley, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–47

Accelerated Test Methods for Predicting the Life of Motor Materials Exposed to Refrigerant–lubricant Mixtures

Ellis II and Ferguson, 2000

DOE/CE/23810–94


Energy Efficiency Project Reports

DOE Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Theoretical Evaluation of R22 and R502 Alternatives

Domanski and Didion, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–7

Evaluation of HFC–245ca for Commercial use in Low Pressure Chillers

Keuper, Hamm, and Glamm, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–67:
Volume One | Volume Two

Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) Enhancement of Pool and in–tube Boiling of Alternate Refrigerants

Ohadi, Dessiatoun, Singh, Fanni, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–17

Impact of Air and Refrigerant Maldistributions on the Performance of Finned–tube Evaporators with R–22 and R–407C

Lee and Domanski, 1997

DOE/CE/23810–81


Lubricant Project Reports

DOE Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Miscibility of Lubricants with Refrigerants

Pate, Zoz, and Berkenbosch, 1993

DOE/CE/23810–18

Solubility, Viscosity and Density of Refrigerant/lubricant Mixtures

Henderson, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–34

Measurement of Viscosity, Density, and Gas Solubility of Refrigerant Blends in Selected Synthetic Lubricants

Cavestri, 1995

DOE/CE/23810–46

Study of Lubricant Circulation in HVAC Systems

Biancardi, Michels, Sienel, and Pandy, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–71:
Volume One | Volume Two

Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication with Polyolester Lubricants and HFC Refrigerants

Gunsel and Pozebanchuk, 1999

DOE/CE/23810–102:
Volume One | Volume Two

Accelerated Screening Methods for Predicting Lubricant Performance in Refrigerant Compressors

Cusano, Yoon, and Poppe, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–45


Refrigerant Flammability Project Reports

DOE Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Methods Development for Measuring and Classifying Flammability/Combustibility of Refrigerants, Task 1: Annotated Bibliography and Summary

Heinonen and Tapscott, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–42G

Methods Development for Measuring and Classifying Flammability/Combustibility of Refrigerants, Task 2: Test Plan

Heinonen and Tapscott, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–42H

Methods Development for Measuring and Classifying Flammability/Combustibility of Refrigerants, Task 3: Laboratory Test Results

Heinonen, Tapscott, and Crawford, 1994

DOE/CE/23810–50

Lean Flammability Limit as a Fundamental Refrigerant Property, Phase I

Womeldorf, King, and Grosshandler, 1995

DOE/CE/23810–58

Lean Flammability Limit as a Fundamental Refrigerant Property, Phase II

Womeldorf and Grosshandler, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–68

Lean Flammability Limit as a Fundamental Refrigerant Property, Phase III

Grosshandler, Donnelly, and Womeldorf, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–98

Investigation into the Fractionation of Refrigerant Blends

Biancardi, Michels, Sienel, and Pandy, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–75

Refrigerant Flammability Testing in Large Volume Vessels, Flammability Criterion Determination for ASTM E681

Richard, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–87

Risk Assessment of HFC–32 and HFC–32/134a (30/70 wt%) in Split System Residential Heat Pumps

Goetzler, Bendixen, and Bartholomew, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–92


Refrigerant Contaminant Control Project Reports

DOE Report Name

Report Author(s)

Report ID

Investigation of Flushing and Clean–out Methods for Refrigeration Equipment to Ensure System Compatibility

Byrne, Shows, and Abel, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–73

Products of Motor Burnout

Hawley–Fedder, Goerz, Koester, and Wilson, 1996

DOE/CE/23810–74

Effect of Selected Contaminants in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Equipment,

Cavestri, Falconi, Ruona, and Schooley, 2000

DOE/CE/23810–111

Effects of Temperature on Desiccant Catalysis of Refrigerant and Lubricant Decompositions

Rohatgi, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–95

Equilibrium Point Dryness and Water Capacity of Desiccants with Alternative Refrigerants

Cavestri and Schafer, 2000

DOE/CE/23810–108

Water Solubility and Clathrate Hydrates in HFC Refrigerants and Refrigerant Blends

Cavestri and Schafer, 2000

DOE/CE/23810–112

Infrared Analysis of Refrigerant Mixtures

Morse, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–82

Methods Development for Organic Contaminant Determination in Fluorocarbon Refrigerant Azeotropes and Blends

Byrne, Abel, and Gbur, 1998

DOE/CE/23810–85

Development and Consolidation of Gas Chromatography Methods for Appendix C to ARI 700

Byrne, Gbur, and Gehring, 2000

DOE/CE/23810–109